Bearish Engulfing Pattern: Definition and Use

In the world of trading, patterns play a crucial role in predicting market movements. One such pattern that traders often look out for is the Bearish Engulfing Pattern.

In this article will discuss what the Bearish Engulfing Pattern is, how to identify it, its importance, and how traders can utilize it in their trading strategies.

What is a Bearish Engulfing Pattern?

A Bearish Engulfing Pattern is a two-candlestick pattern that occurs at the end of an uptrend. It signals a potential reversal of the trend, indicating that the bulls are losing control, and the bears are gaining momentum. The pattern consists of a small bullish candle followed by a larger bearish candle that completely engulfs the previous candle.

How to Identify a Bearish Engulfing Pattern

To identify a Bearish Engulfing Pattern, look for the following criteria:

  1. The first candle should be a small bullish candle.
  2. The second candle should be a larger bearish candle that completely engulfs the previous candle.
  3. The second candle should open above the close of the first candle and close below the open of the first candle.

Importance of Bearish Engulfing Pattern

The Bearish Engulfing Pattern is important because it indicates a shift in market sentiment from bullish to bearish. Traders use this pattern to identify potential selling opportunities and to protect their profits from an ongoing uptrend.

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Trading Strategies Using Bearish Engulfing Pattern

Traders can use the Bearish Engulfing Pattern in various ways, including:

  • Confirmation of Reversal: Traders can use the pattern as confirmation of a trend reversal and enter short positions.
  • Stop-loss Placement: Traders can place stop-loss orders above the high of the engulfing candle to protect their positions.
  • Profit Target: Traders can set profit targets based on the size of the engulfing candle or use other technical indicators to confirm the reversal.

Example of Bearish Engulfing Pattern in Trading

For example, suppose a stock has been in an uptrend for several days, and a Bearish Engulfing Pattern forms on the daily chart. This pattern could signal that the uptrend is losing momentum, and a reversal may occur soon. Traders who recognize this pattern may decide to sell their long positions or enter short positions to profit from the potential downtrend.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Bearish Engulfing Pattern


  • Provides a clear signal of a potential trend reversal.
  • Can be used in conjunction with other technical indicators for confirmation.


  • False signals can occur, leading to losses if not confirmed by other indicators.
  • Requires timely and accurate identification to be effective.

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How to Trade Bearish Engulfing Patterns Safely

To trade Bearish Engulfing Patterns safely, consider the following tips:

  • Use other technical indicators or chart patterns to confirm the signal.
  • Place stop-loss orders to limit potential losses.
  • Practice proper risk management and avoid overleveraging.

In conclusion, the Bearish Engulfing Pattern is a valuable tool for traders to identify potential trend reversals in the market. By understanding how to identify and interpret this pattern, traders can improve their trading strategies and make more informed decisions.


  1. How reliable is the Bearish Engulfing Pattern?
    • While the Bearish Engulfing Pattern is considered reliable, traders should always use it in conjunction with other indicators for confirmation.
  2. Can the Bearish Engulfing Pattern occur in any market?
    • Yes, the Bearish Engulfing Pattern can occur in any market, including stocks, forex, and commodities.
  3. Is it necessary to wait for confirmation before trading based on the Bearish Engulfing Pattern?
    • It is advisable to wait for confirmation from other technical indicators or chart patterns before trading based solely on the Bearish Engulfing Pattern.
  4. Can the Bearish Engulfing Pattern be used in automated trading systems?
    • Yes, the Bearish Engulfing Pattern can be programmed into automated trading systems to execute trades based on predefined criteria.
  5. Are there variations of the Bearish Engulfing Pattern?
    • Yes, there are variations of the Bearish Engulfing Pattern, such as the Bearish Harami and the Dark Cloud Cover, which have similar characteristics but slightly different formations.

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